Wine vs. Beer Alcohol Content: What Is the Difference?

Wine Vs. Beer alcohol content

Where wine has always managed to be the most dedicated and liked item of alcohol connoisseurs, beer is always categorized as the light, easy-to-go drink. But ever thought about how the two drinks differ?

Though both wine and beer are two types of alcoholic beverages, with wine having richer alcohol levels, they differ in almost every aspect. From their method of production to the content of alcohol, there exist noticeable differences to eye on.

So, without any further ado, let’s break down the article and, blow by blow, discover wine vs. beer- the better drink!

Wine vs. Beer: A Quick Comparison

With various types of alcoholic base liquors out there, the two most common ones are wine and beer. Where you always find wine in traditional high-end dining, beers are also considered an essential part of occasional gatherings and meet-ups. 

However, quite a few differences exist between wine and beer, the most important being their alcoholic content. Wine is known to have higher alcohol than beer. But how much? 

To find it out, move to the next section!

Prime Ingredients 

The prime ingredient used in the manufacturing of wine is mostly grapes. However, sometimes, other fruits are also used. 

On the other hand, in the case of beer, mostly malt is used, like wheat, rye, and barley, in combination with water. Moreover, hop is present in it.

Later, oaks, sugars, fining agents, and yeast are added in either of the two to reach the final, refreshing flavor enriched with unraveled crispness. 

Alcohol Content

Moving on to alcohol Content, wine is known to contain 11 to 13 % alcohol by volume (ABV), while beer contains, on average, 5% ABV. It means the wine is rich in alcohol, and that is the reason why it has a more pronounced flavor and effect as compared to a bear.

A general claim is that it takes only 3 to 4 glasses of wine to make a person fully drunk. In contrast to it, in the case of beer, you need to consume around four cans. Mind-boggling?

However, different types of wine and beer contain different alcohol levels, depending on the type and region they are produced in. 

Alcohol Content Of Different Wines

  • Fortified wine is a dark, heavy wine with the highest alcohol level. It contains 16 to 22% ABV alcohol on average. A few common ones are Madeira, port, marsala, Sherry, and Vermouth.
  • Red wine is known to contain, on average, 12 to 14% alcohol, with a few having as high as 14.5%. It has quite high alcohol Content of all the other counter wines, but yes, it comes second to fortified wine. However, since it contains tannins, they manage to balance the bitterness of ethanol and provide a sweet flavor.¬†
  • White wine typically has 5 to 14% ABV, with an average of 10 in most cases. Between Red and white vine, there comes rose wine with 10 to 12% ABV alcohol Content.
  • Wine Cooler has the lowest alcohol content among all, containing around 4 to 6% ABV at most.¬†
  • Sweet wine has less than 10% ethanol in it. However, due to the high level of added sugar, you can‚Äôt consume it in large amounts.

Alcohol Content Of Common Beer

  • Craft Beer has the highest alcoholic level among all the beer types, with an average ABV of 5.9%. However, some craft beers like Tactical Nuclear Penguin and Snake Venom are known to contain 32% and 67% alcohol too.
  • Malts are categorized as the lowest alcohol-containing beers, typically present between 0.5 to 2.5%.
  • Lagers are made by bottom-fermenting yeasts and contain 4.5% to 13% ABV alcohol. A common type is backed beer which contains 6% alcohol and has robust malt touch in it.
  • Apes contain top-fermenting yeasts as their prime ingredient and contain 5 to 6% alcohol.¬†
  • Stout is a dark beer containing 5.5% to 8% alcohol by volume.¬†

Production Method

Wine Vs. Beer alcohol content

Not only the ethanol content and prime Ingredients are different, but the two drinks differ in their production method too. Wine is made by the fermentation of grapes, while beer involves the brewing process.

In fermentation, grapes are crushed, and the juice extracted is fermented with yeast to convert into alcohol. Then the mixture is aged in oaks barrels mostly. 

In contrast to it, in the brewing process, the specific grain is harvested, heated, and cracked. Then the cracked form is steeped in hot water to extract sugars. Later, the hot water is drained, and only sugars and grains are collected. It is called wort. Wort is then boiled with hops and other spices (depending on the flavor) for an hour, followed by fermenting with yeast. At last, it is carbonated, and your beer is ready!


Last but not least, let’s toggle through their flavor profile. Wine is made primarily of grapes and, therefore, is known to have a subtle flavor with a touch of fruitiness in it.

On the other hand, beer has a quite robust and complex flavor profile. It has a complex nutty feel and herbal toast enrichment. In short, wine is sweet, while beer is categorized as bitter one.

FeaturesWine Beer
Rich in Alcohol More than beerLess than wine 
Average Alcoholic Content11 to 13%4 to 6%
Alcohol with highest ABV Fortified WineCraft Beer
Alcohol with lowest ABVWine Cooler Malt
Manufacturing Process Fermentation Brewing
Prime Ingredients Fruits (mostly Grapes)Grains 
Carbonated NoYes

Final Verdict 

To cut it short, there are a lot of differences between wine and beer, the most important being their alcoholic content. Wine has more alcohol than beer. 

Moreover, it is made by fermentation of grapes and thus has a sweet taste with the richness of fruit. On the other hand, beer is made by brewing grains and thus has a crisp bitterness with a hint of nutty flavors.

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